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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health …

Details: The placenta supports pregnancy and influences the lifelong health of both mother and child. Yet it is the least understood, and least studied, of all human organs. In a guest post for the NIH Director’s Blog, Dr. Bianchi discusses work …

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What health issues or conditions are specific to women …

Details: Women experience unique health issues and conditions, from pregnancy and menopause to gynecological conditions, such as uterine fibroids and pelvic floor disorders. The health topics listed below affect women only. Some other conditions affect men too but affect women primarily or more severely. Because women’s health is so broad, these health topics …

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health …

Details: According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the male latex condom is the best method for protecting against STDs, including HIV/AIDS. 1 Polyurethane condoms are an effective alternative if either partner has a latex allergy. Natural/lambskin condoms do not prevent the spread of STDs because of the presence of tiny pores

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health …

Details: Bacterial vaginosis, more commonly called BV, is an infection that develops in the vagina. It is the most common vaginal infection in women of reproductive age. 1, 2 A change in the balance of bacteria that normally live in the vagina causes BV. Factors that change the balance include douching, taking antibiotics, wearing an intrauterine device

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About Learning Disabilities NICHD

Details: Learning disabilities affect how a person learns to read, write, speak, and do math. They are caused by differences in the brain, most often in how it functions but also sometimes in its structure. These differences affect the way the brain processes information.1

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Are there ways to reduce the risk of infant mortality

Details: During pregnancy, the mother’s health, environment, and experiences affect how her fetus develops and the course of the pregnancy. By taking good care of her own health before and during pregnancy, a mother can reduce her baby’s risk of many of the leading causes of infant mortality in the United States, including birth defects, preterm birth, low birth weight, …

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National Advisory Child Health and Human Development …

Details: May 2022 Council (to be held on June 14-15, 2022) Presentations 202205 NICHD Director’s Report (Bianchi) (PDF 2.1 MB)

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Grants & Contracts NICHD

Details: NICHD uses grants and contracts to support research on topics related to its mission. This research is conducted by universities and other academic research centers in the United States and abroad. The institute also supports a variety of training and career development opportunities at NICHD and at other institutions.

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How many people are affected by or at risk for spina bifida

Details: About 1,500 infants are born with spina bifida each year in the United States. 1 Anyone can give birth to an infant with spina bifida. However, parents who already have had a child with spina bifida or another neural tube defect have a 4% increased risk of having a second child with spina bifida.

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and …

Details: For most women, a normal menstrual cycle ranges from 21 to 35 days. 1 However, 14% to 25% of women have irregular menstrual cycles, meaning the cycles are shorter or longer than normal; are heavier or lighter than normal; or are experienced with other problems, like abdominal cramps. 2 Irregular cycles can be ovulatory, meaning that ovulation occurs, or …

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Science Update: NIH-funded researchers explore potential links …

Details: The diabetes drug metformin is associated with higher rates of genital birth defects among boys when taken by fathers during the three-month window prior to conception, according to a study funded by NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).The findings come from an extensive analysis of health

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Uncovering the Cause of a Rare Skeletal Disease NICHD

Details: Studying rare skeletal diseases can improve understanding of how bone formation is regulated. The Baron Lab and colleagues evaluated a boy with a complex skeletal disease resulting in some areas with increased bone density and other areas with decreased bone density. Using genetic sequencing, they identified a unique mutation in SP7, a transcription …

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National Advisory Child Health and Human Development …

Details: January 2022 Council (to be held on January 11-12, 2022) Presentations 202201 NICHD Director’s Report (Bianchi) (PDF 1.2 MB)

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Women's Health NICHD

Details: Women’s health focuses on the many health issues and conditions that are unique to women or that affect women differently than men. A central part of the NICHD’s mission, women’s health research that is led and supported by the NICHD includes many aspects of women’s health, from menstrual irregularities to infertility and from pregnancy to menopause.

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Questions and Answers for Health Care Providers

Details: sleeping. Health care providers should consider the potential benefit to the infant when recommending sleep position. If medical personnel determine that the stomach sleep position is necessary because of a medical condition or other concern, health care providers should

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Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and …

Details: Gum disease (periodontal disease), a more serious health issue, may develop for a number of reasons, including poor oral hygiene. Health care providers recommend visiting the dentist within 6 months of the appearance of the child's first tooth or by the time the child is 1 year old. 8; Epilepsy. Children with Down syndrome are more likely to

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About Rehabilitation Medicine NICHD

Details: US Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health Directory Follow follow us on Facebook follow us on Twitter follow us on LinkedIn follow us on YouTube follow us on Flickr follow us on Instagram Email NICHD. NICHD Theme Browse AZTopics. Browse A-Z Adrenal Gland Disorders; Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

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Highlighting Health Disparities in Pregnancy NICHD

Details: Pregnant women in the United States can face a range of health complications that are exacerbated by race and ethnicity, geography, and age. Less is known about health risks and outcomes for pregnant women with disabilities, especially their risk for maternal death (i.e., maternal mortality) and life-threatening pregnancy complications (i.e., severe maternal …

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NICHD Publications Listing NICHD

Details: This postcard (in sets of 50) is part of the Moms’ Mental Health Matters Initiative from the NICHD National Child and Maternal Health Education Program, a coalition of more than 30 of the nation's leading organizations and agencies that focus on maternal and child health. The postcard provides information for people concerned about a loved

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Science Update: Computerized assessment may identify new …

Details: New drivers who performed poorly on a computerized driving simulator were more likely to fail their road test, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The findings suggest that the virtual driving assessment—which mimics situations in which new drivers are more likely to crash—can identify drivers lacking the skills to avoid crashes so they can …

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Science Update: Hormone prevents obesity in offspring of …

Details: Giving the hormone adiponectin to pregnant mice with obesity prevented later life obesity and related health conditions in their offspring, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The findings suggest that adiponectin, a hormone produced by fat cells, could play a role in reducing the lifelong obesity risk of children born to mothers with …

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Item of Interest: NICHD recognizes updated safe infant sleep

Details: The Safe to Sleep® campaign, a national effort to raise awareness about ways to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related infant deaths, will be updating the campaign’s messages to reflect revised recommendations for safe infant sleep issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). The updates ensure that parents …

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Research Highlights from the Division of Intramural Research (DIR

Details: Highlighting Health Disparities in Pregnancy Pregnant women in the United States can face a range of health complications that are exacerbated by race and ethnicity, geography, and age. Less is known about how pregnant women with disabilities are affected. Read about work from the Epidemiology Branch on risks specific to women with disabilities

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Spotlight: Women in Science: Dr. Claire Le Pichon and the …

Details: With two children and two labs to run in the Le Pichon-Chesler household, balancing family life with career can be a challenge. Sharing the household work is key to keeping life running smoothly, says Dr. Le Pichon, although she acknowledges that an even division of childcare responsibilities is easier now that the children are older and more self-sufficient.

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Ways to Reduce Baby’s Risk Safe to Sleep

Details: The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Task Force on SIDS reviews all the latest scientific and clinical evidence about SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths and makes recommendations about the most effective ways to reduce baby’s risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), and sleep-related deaths, such as suffocation.. The actions listed here and …

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Media Advisory: Unique binding of Delta variant may explain high

Details: Unlike other SARS-CoV-2 variants, the Delta variant can attach to copies of itself, forming larger aggregations, or clumps, of viral particles, suggests a study by scientists at the National Institutes of Health. The researchers theorize that this linking property may have played a role in the ability of the Delta variant to spread more rapidly than all the variants that …

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Media Advisory: Amygdala overgrowth that occurs in autism

Details: The amygdala—a brain structure enlarged in two-year-old children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)—begins its accelerated growth between 6 and 12 months of age, suggests a study funded by the National Institutes of Health. The amygdala is involved in processing emotions, such as interpreting facial expressions or feeling afraid when exposed to …

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NIH / National Advisory Child Health and Human …

Details: DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES . NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH . NATIONAL ADVISORY CHILD HEALTH AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT COUNCIL . ROSTER (ALL TERMS END 11/30) CHAIRPERSON BIANCHI, Diana W., M.D. Director . Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development . National Institutes of …

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SIDS Is Not Safe to Sleep

Details: SIDS is not the cause of every sudden infant death. Each year in the United States, thousands of babies die suddenly and unexpectedly. These deaths are called SUID (pronounced Soo-id), which stands for “Sudden Unexpected Infant Death.” SUID includes all unexpected deaths: those without a clear cause, such as SIDS, and those from a known cause, such as suffocation.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) About SIDS and Safe Infant …

Details: Many parents have questions about Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), Sudden Unexpected Infant Death (SUID), and safe sleep for babies. Talk with your healthcare provider about any questions or challenges related to safe sleep practices for your baby. On This Page. About SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths. About Back Sleeping.

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Understanding Synaptic Regulation in the Hippocampus

Details: Mouse hippocampal brain sections are stained for nuclei (blue), Cav2.3 (green), and Kv4.2 (magenta) channels. Credit: Hoffman Lab, NICHD Neurons in the brain communicate using chemical messengers called neurotransmitters, as well as electrochemical signals from various types of charged ions, including calcium and potassium. Connections between …

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NIH / National Advisory Child Health and Human …

Details: Community Health Eun. University of Texas Medical Branch Child Health and Human Development. Galveston, TX 77555 National Institutes of Health. WYNSHAW-BORIS, Anthony J., M.D., Ph.D. (22) JHJ MD ’34 Professor of Genetics and Chair Department of Genetics and Genome Sciences . Case Western Reserve University School of . Medicine . Cleveland, OH

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Science Update: NIH-funded researchers develop non-surgical …

Details: The work is supported by NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The findings are published in the journal Small,and the team is led by Oleh Taratula, Ph.D., of Oregon State University, and Ov. D. Slayden, Ph.D., of Oregon Health & Science University. Background

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