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Health and the built environment

Details: Health and the built environment Perspect Public Health. 2017 Jan;137(1):2. doi: 10.1177/1757913916681945. PMID: 28074688 DOI: 10.1177/1757913916681945 No abstract available. Publication types Introductory Journal Article MeSH terms Environment Design*

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The Development of a Humanitarian Health Ethics …

Details: Introduction Health care workers (HCWs) who participate in humanitarian aid work experience a range of ethical challenges in providing care and assistance to communities affected by war, disaster, or extreme poverty. Although there is increasing discussion of ethics in humanitarian health care practice and policy, there are very few resources

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26062792/ Go Now

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One step forward, two steps back: worker representation …

Details: It shows how long-awaited legislative reforms to improve provisions for worker representation in health and safety have so far failed to materialize and, instead, government strategy has concentrated on promoting voluntary approaches. The author reviews the evidence of what makes worker representation in health and safety effective and suggests

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16524166/ Go Now

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Linking research to global health equity: the contribution …

Details: We found that these PDPs advance public health by ensuring their products' registration, distribution, and adoption into national treatment policies in disease-endemic countries. Nonetheless, ensuring broad, equitable access for these populations--high distribution coverage; affordability, particularly for the poor; and adoption at provider and

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24028246/ Go Now

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Challenges and Facilitators of Health Literacy in Patients …

Details: Given that successful management of many acute or chronic diseases is influenced by patients' perceptions of health information, providing strategies to people who have difficulty in understanding this information can have a positive effect on health outcomes. Increasing health literacy abilities of …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35700028/ Go Now

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Lung cancer health care needs assessment: patients' and …

Details: The objective of this study was to describe patients' and informal carers' perceptions of care received and services offered following a diagnosis of primary lung cancer. We prepared a prospective, national, mail questionnaire survey of 466 patients with a diagnosis of primary lung cancer and a lay …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11407193/ Go Now

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Efficacy of CVD risk factor modification in a lower-middle …

Details: Abstract The Metroville Health Study aimed to reduce consumption of total cooking fats by 33%, salt by 25% and replace ghee with vegetable oil in a lower middle class urban community in Pakistan. Households (n=403) were randomly assigned to Intervention and Control groups.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14620495/ Go Now

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Effect of multiple chronic diseases on health care …

Details: Objectives: To examine multiple chronic conditions and related health care expenditures in children. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of all dependents of Mayo Clinic employees aged 0-17 on Jan 1, 2004 with continuous health benefits coverage for 4 years (N=14,727). Chronic conditions, health care utilization, and associated expenditures were obtained from medical …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25001922/ Go Now

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Case Report: Implementation of a Multi-Component Behavioral …

Details: Despite growing research and policy attention, perinatal behavioral health conditions (i.e., mental health and substance use disorders) remain prevalent, burdensome for families, and largely untreated in the US. Researchers have documented an array of barriers to accurate detection, linkage with eff …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34887784/ Go Now

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The health belief model: How public health can address the

Details: This paper proposes an intervention into health misinformation that relies upon the health belief model as a means to bridge the risks associated with health misinformation and the impact on individual health, beyond the current recommendations for fact checking and information literacy. Study design This is a short theoretical paper. Methods N/A.

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8411835/ Go Now

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The National Board of Public Health Examiners: credentialing …

Details: The Board is scheduled to begin credentialing graduates of programs and schools of public health accredited by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH) in 2008. Among the many activities currently underway to improve public health practice, the Board views credentialing as one pathway to heighten recognition of public health

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17639645/ Go Now

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Disability theory and public policy: implications for critical

Details: Current gerontological theories and aging policy often fail to acknowledge the social and economic consequences of disability in later life, while disability theories and policies tend to focus only on the employment impacts of disability in younger populations. This article attempts to apply a …

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Awareness, attitude and practice of evidence-based medicine …

Details: Objectives: To assess the awareness, attitude and knowledge towards evidence-based medicine (EBM) among primary health care doctors in Jordan and to identify the perceived barriers for practising EBM. Methods: A simple random sample of 34 comprehensive primary health care centres was selected from a list of 64 centres in Jordan using random number table.

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Physical Activity and Sports—Real Health Benefits: A Review with

Details: Positive effects from sports are achieved primarily through physical activity, but secondary effects bring health benefits such as psychosocial and personal development and less alcohol consumption. Negative effects, such as the risk of failure, injuries, eating disorders, and burnout, are also apparent.

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6572041/ Go Now

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Lessons Learned From the E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use …

Details: Objective: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette), or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) is a novel noncommunicable disease with an unknown cause. The objective of this analysis was to describe the Minnesota Department of Health's (MDH's) outbreak response to EVALI, including challenges, successes, and lessons learned.

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Health Status and Quality of Life

Details: The health status of the elderly is better than generally assumed, varies remarkably among individuals, and is changing as successive cohorts progressively challenge the definition of old age. As individuals age, they are at risk for diseases and disabling conditions, use more medical care services, and incur medical expenses. While there is no

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK217732/ Go Now

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The Battle River Project: school division implementation of the …

Details: The Battle River Project (BRP) is a school division-level intervention in rural Alberta, Canada, built upon the health-promoting schools approach to health promotion. Using self-reported school and student-level data from administrators and students, the central aim of …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21721299/ Go Now

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Feasibility of mentalization-based treatment for adolescents with

Details: Mentalization-based treatment (MBT) is an evidence-based treatment for adults suffering from borderline personality disorder. Different adaptations of MBT for adolescents have been described, but almost none of these have been systematically evaluated so far.

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[Actual conditions of occupational health activities in small-scale

Details: In order to clarify the real conditions of occupational health services (OHS) in small-scale enterprises (SSEs) in Japan, we analyzed questionnaires recovered from 765 SSEs in the area of a city neighboring Osaka City (recovery rate, 69.3%). The SSEs included 358 SSEs with 1 to 4 workers (46.8% of t …

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Compartmental structures used in modeling COVID-19: a scoping …

Details: There has been a great deal of models to understand the spread of COVID-19, and to help prevention and control strategies. Researchers build compartments according to actual situation, research objectives and complexity of models used. As the COVID-19 epidemic remains uncertain and poses a major cha …

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Assessment of health-related quality of life and psychological well

Details: Quality of life is a broad construct that encompasses various aspects pertaining to health and well-being. 9 The assessment of HRQOL is increasingly recognised as a necessary component of health and well-being evaluation, assessing physical, emotional and social health dimensions. 10 11 Measurement of HRQOL has been shown to have utility in

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5629647/ Go Now

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Magnitude and Determinants of Dropout from Community-Based …

Details: Background: Community-based health insurance (CBHI) is a prepayment method of financial contributions for healthcare which aims to risk pooling, avoidance of catastrophic and impoverishing health expenditure. However, a high dropout from the scheme remains the biggest challenge to effective and sustainable progress towards universal financial protection in low- …

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Chronic non-malignant pain patients report as poor health-related

Details: Background: Patients with chronic non-malignant pain (CNMP) conditions are known to report reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The objective of this exploratory study was to compare HRQoL between patients admitted to a multidisciplinary pain centre, palliative cancer (PC) patients and national norms.

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/18005378/ Go Now

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Cultural Competence in the Care of Muslim Patients and Their …

Details: All health practitioners should be able to provide culturally competent care. When providing care to Muslim patients, it is important to understand the impact the Islamic faith has on the provision of healthcare. Healthcare professionals need to be aware of privacy and touch issues, dietary practices, and unacceptable medicines.

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Controlling schistosomiasis: the cost-effectiveness of alternative

Details: The analysis showed that the most cost effective option was indeed PTT (financial and economic costs per infected person treated were US$ 1.78 and 1.87, respectively; they were US$ 3.71 and 3.82 for RST and US$ 4.48 and 4.50 for MMT). It remained the most cost effective option, even when the analysis considered only the number of children treated.

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One Health: From Concept to Practice

Details: One Health (OH) is an approach, focusing on emergent infectious diseases, which looks at health in the context of human, animal and environment relationships. Governments worldwide through the International Ministerial Conferences on Avian and Pandemic Influenza (IMCAPI) meetings have made a commitment to OH.

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7122847/ Go Now

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Organizing systematic supervision, monitoring and evaluation

Details: Supervision is a systematic activity for increasing the efficiency of health workers through direct contacts. It is an extension of training that serves to increase the knowledge, perfect the skills, improve the attitudes and strengthen the motivation of involved health personnel.

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK310626/ Go Now

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Effects of Health Belief Model-Based Education on Health Beliefs …

Details: Health motivation is defined as the willingness to actually engage in a behavior to maintain and improve health. Confidence/self-efficacy is the engagement and self-reliance that one must practice to obtain results. In our study, health motivation and the perception of confidence/self-efficacy gradually increased. Nonetheless, no significantly

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6696807/ Go Now

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Impacts of an Exercise Intervention on the Health of Pancreatic …

Details: Decades of developmental research in exercise intervention and the health of islet cells confirmed that exercise exerts beneficial effects on the function, proliferation, and survival rate of islet cells. However, the precise exercise reference scheme is still elusive. To accomplish this goal, we searched and analyzed relevant articles, and

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Identification of violence in Turkish health care settings

Details: This study sought to investigate the contributing factors to and frequency of violence against health care workers (HCWs) working in western Turkey. The population is composed of a random sample of 1,209 HCWs from 34 health care workplaces. Written questionnaires were given to HCWs at all sites, whe …

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› Url: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16368766/ Go Now

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A Case Report of Premalignant Plasma Cell Dyscrasia-Induced …

Details: Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) is a rare disorder in which monoclonal immunoglobulin secreted by nonmalignant B cell or plasma cell clone causes kidney damage. Although MGRS is a premalignant condition, it can cause severe kidney disease

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9197607/ Go Now

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Discrimination and racial disparities in health: evidence and …

Details: Racial disparities in health in the U.S. are large and pervasive. For most of the 15 leading causes of death including heart disease, cancer, stroke, diabetes, kidney disease, hypertension, liver cirrhosis and homicide, African Americans (or blacks) …

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2821669/ Go Now

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Health system reform in the United States

Details: Health reform is an ongoing process of planning, legislating, implementing, and evaluating system changes. The U.S. set of delivery system reforms has much for reformers around the globe to assess and consider. Keywords: Health System Reform, United States, Affordable Care Act (ACA), ObamaCare.

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3937950/ Go Now

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Prevalence of hypertension and its associated factors among …

Details: A total of 456 adult individuals were participated with the response rate of 95.6%. Of the total, 248 (54.4%) were female participants. Most of the respondents were married (76.3%) while 13 (2.9%) of the respondents were having first degree and above educational level.

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6631738/ Go Now

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The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Students’ Mental …

Details: the survey included four sections: (i) demographics and background measures; (ii) covid-19-related questions related to self-isolating, shielding, whether diagnosed with covid-19, know anybody who has died from covid-19, mental health and sleep been impacted since covid-19, receiving support for a mental health condition before the pandemic, …

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› Url: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8430501/ Go Now

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Report and Research Agenda of the American Geriatrics Society …

Details: SCR CONCEPTUALIZED AS A POSSIBLE GERIATRIC SYNDROME. Geriatric syndromes are characterized by a set of health conditions that co-occur, typically producing a single phenomenology (pattern of symptoms and signs) and rendering older adults vulnerable to situational challenges. 11,12 The concept of the geriatric syndrome has shaped geriatric …

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