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Health and the built environment

Details: Health and the built environment Perspect Public Health. 2017 Jan;137(1):2. doi: 10.1177/1757913916681945. PMID: 28074688 DOI: 10.1177/1757913916681945 No abstract available. Publication types Introductory Journal Article MeSH terms Environment Design*

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Linking research to global health equity: the contribution …

Details: We found that these PDPs advance public health by ensuring their products' registration, distribution, and adoption into national treatment policies in disease-endemic countries. Nonetheless, ensuring broad, equitable access for these populations--high distribution coverage; affordability, particularly for the poor; and adoption at provider and

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One step forward, two steps back: worker representation …

Details: It shows how long-awaited legislative reforms to improve provisions for worker representation in health and safety have so far failed to materialize and, instead, government strategy has concentrated on promoting voluntary approaches. The author reviews the evidence of what makes worker representation in health and safety effective and suggests

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The Development of a Humanitarian Health Ethics …

Details: Introduction Health care workers (HCWs) who participate in humanitarian aid work experience a range of ethical challenges in providing care and assistance to communities affected by war, disaster, or extreme poverty. Although there is increasing discussion of ethics in humanitarian health care practice and policy, there are very few resources

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Challenges and Facilitators of Health Literacy in Patients …

Details: Results: Obstacles and challenges of health literacy in participants were categorized in four themes inclu-ding irresponsibility, social apathy, perceptual and cognitive problems, and inappropriate distribution of the resources. In addition, possible strategies to promote health literacy were presented in the form of 68 strategies.

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Health education and injury control: integrating approaches

Details: The purposes of this paper are to: (1) describe the arguments over individual liberties and individual behavior that can occur in the design of injury prevention programs; (2) review the principles that typically guide the development of injury control programs and health education programs; and (3) integrate the two most widely used approaches

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The health and quality of life outcomes among youth and …

Details: The observed health and QoL scores were much lower than those previously reported in the literature. This is likely a result of the inclusion of those with severe CP. The scores for youth were similar to those for adults and suggest that health and QoL outcomes were relatively stable across the tran …

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Compartmental structures used in modeling COVID-19: a …

Details: There has been a great deal of models to understand the spread of COVID-19, and to help prevention and control strategies. Researchers build compartments according to actual situation, research objectives and complexity of models used. As the COVID-19 epidemic remains uncertain and poses a major cha …

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Lessons Learned From the E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product …

Details: Objective: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette), or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) is a novel noncommunicable disease with an unknown cause. The objective of this analysis was to describe the Minnesota Department of Health's (MDH's) outbreak response to EVALI, including challenges, successes, and lessons learned.

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Awareness, attitude and practice of evidence-based medicine …

Details: Objectives: To assess the awareness, attitude and knowledge towards evidence-based medicine (EBM) among primary health care doctors in Jordan and to identify the perceived barriers for practising EBM. Methods: A simple random sample of 34 comprehensive primary health care centres was selected from a list of 64 centres in Jordan using random number table.

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Global Health Education in Child Neurology and …

Details: Objectives: To describe the current landscape of opportunities and education in global health among child neurology and neurodevelopmental disabilities training programs and provide a framework for future development of global health education. Methods: Authors surveyed Trainee and Program Director groups, obtaining information regarding global health interest, …

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Effect of multiple chronic diseases on health care expenditures in

Details: Objectives: To examine multiple chronic conditions and related health care expenditures in children. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of all dependents of Mayo Clinic employees aged 0-17 on Jan 1, 2004 with continuous health benefits coverage for 4 years (N=14,727). Chronic conditions, health care utilization, and associated expenditures were obtained from medical …

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Implementing school health promotion in Austria: experiences …

Details: A pilot training course on school health promotion in Austria focused on supporting teachers and school heads during the implementation of the health-promoting school (HPS) concept. The participants talked about their experiences during the implementation phase in focus groups held in a feedback sem …

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Impact of health education on mothers' knowledge of preventive …

Details: PIP: A prospective community-based intervention study was conducted in a slum area of Karachi, Pakistan, with the objective of evaluating the impact of health education on the knowledge of mothers. 150 households were studied in the intervention as well as the nonintervention group. The post-intervention knowledge scores of the mothers showed a significant difference (P 0.05).

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Factors determining eligibility and access to subacute …

Details: Information was gathered by searching electronic data bases (SCOPUS, Medline, CINAHL, Health Source Nursing/Academic Addition, Psychinfo and the Cochrane Library) for relevant articles using the search terms dementia OR Alzheimer* AND hip fracture AND subacute rehabilitation OR convalescence for the period 2005-2015. Abstracts were scanned to

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Deprivation and Social Support in Mental Health of Welfare …

Details: Although many Western studies examining the mental health of welfare recipients exist, Japanese welfare recipients have been overlooked. This study investigated mental health among welfare recipients in Japan and relations with a sense of deprivation of life's necessities and social support. Partici …

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Developing an online health literacy curriculum for two German

Details: The purpose of this study was to articulate the need to develop an online health literacy introductory course for university students in Germany. A total of 16 students from two German universities participated in focus group interviews to collect data on the extent of student health literacy awareness and related health and education needs.

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The Institutional Foundations of Medicalization: A Cross-national

Details: In this study, we question (1) whether the relationship between unemployment and mental healthcare use, controlling for mental health status, varies across European countries and (2) whether these differences are patterned by a combination of unemployment and healthcare generosity. We hypothesize th …

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"We come as friends": approaches to social accountability by …

Details: Background: In Malawi, as in many low-and middle-income countries, health facility committees (HFCs) are involved in the governance of health services. Little is known about the approaches they use and the challenges they face. This study explores how HFCs monitor the quality of health services and how they demand accountability of health workers for their performance.

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The role of economic evaluation in mental health care

Details: Objective: A consequence of the integration of psychiatry into acute and public health medicine is that psychiatrists are being asked to evaluate their services. There is pressure on mental health-care systems because it is recognized that funds should be directed where they can provide the best health outcomes, and also because there are resource constraints which limit our …

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Magnitude and Determinants of Dropout from Community-Based …

Details: Background: Community-based health insurance (CBHI) is a prepayment method of financial contributions for healthcare which aims to risk pooling, avoidance of catastrophic and impoverishing health expenditure. However, a high dropout from the scheme remains the biggest challenge to effective and sustainable progress towards universal financial protection in low- …

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Identifying research priorities: the value of information associated

Details: The authors report an analysis that was developed as part of a pilot study examining the use of decision analysis and value-of-information methods to inform research prioritization decisions for the UK health care system. This analysis was conducted to inform decision makers whether additional resea …

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The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry's role in

Details: The potential impact of biomarkers on public health assessments and on the range of ATSDR programs is described. Specifically, the role of biomarkers in dose reconstruction, in ATSDR's health studies program, and in the emerging field of molecular epidemiology is reviewed. In addition, future directions and research needs are addressed.

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Stigma, sexually transmitted infections and attendance at the GUM

Details: A gap in the literature regarding understanding of people's health care seeking behaviours in relation to sexually transmitted infections is identified. Employing both deductive and inductive methods, 10 patients (five female, five male) were interviewed to explore the psychosocial, motivational and attitudinal factors associated with

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The National Board of Public Health Examiners: credentialing …

Details: The Board is scheduled to begin credentialing graduates of programs and schools of public health accredited by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH) in 2008. Among the many activities currently underway to improve public health practice, the Board views credentialing as one pathway to heighten recognition of public health

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Personality and disease: correlations of multiple trait scores with

Details: Correlations between personality measures and self-reported data on health status were examined in a sample of 5133 men and women, aged between 40 and 65. A wider range of diseases was studied than is typical. Small but theoretically meaningful correlations with personality were found for some disea …

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Risk factors for breast cancer

Details: Despite the numerous risk factors for the development of breast cancer that have been investigated, only a few demonstrate a clear association with breast cancer development. Female gender and increasing age are the most important factors, followed by factors involving a woman's menstrual, reproduct …

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Efficacy of CVD risk factor modification in a lower-middle class

Details: The Metroville Health Study aimed to reduce consumption of total cooking fats by 33%, salt by 25% and replace ghee with vegetable oil in a lower middle class urban community in Pakistan. Households (n=403) were randomly assigned to Intervention and Control groups. A baseline screening collected data on CVD risk factors, knowledge and attitudes

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Chronic non-malignant pain patients report as poor health-related

Details: Background: Patients with chronic non-malignant pain (CNMP) conditions are known to report reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The objective of this exploratory study was to compare HRQoL between patients admitted to a multidisciplinary pain centre, palliative cancer (PC) patients and national norms.

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Analysis of emergency department utilization by elderly patients …

Details: The sample was selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database for the year 2000. There were 519,003 visits to adult EDs in the 12 medical centers sampled. The study used a secondary data analysis and included 14 variables. The elderly accounted for 28.5% of all adult ED visits. Compared with younger patients, a greater proportion

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People Living With HIV in St. Petersburg, Russia: Gender and …

Details: This study examined psychosocial and health needs of persons living with HIV (PLWH) in Russia. The study combined baseline datasets from two social network samples of PLWH in St. Petersburg (N = 872).Samples were recruited between 2014 and 2018 by enrolling a PLWH seed who was either out-of-care or treatment nonadherent as well as network members surrounding …

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The hermeneutics of recovery: Facilitating dialogue between …

Details: The widespread use of faith-based and traditional healing for mental disorders within African contexts is well known. However, normative responses tend to fall within two camps: on one hand, those oriented towards the biomedical model of psychiatry stress the abuses and superstition of such healing, whilst critics adopting a more 'local' perspective have fundamentally challenged …

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Demographic and referral patterns of people detained under …

Details: This study aimed to retrospectively examine demographic and referral data for all detainees under Section 136 of the Mental Health Act (1983) at a 'place of safety' in one London Mental Health Trust over a three-year period. Data were collected for …

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Controlling schistosomiasis: the cost-effectiveness of alternative

Details: PIP: In rural Kilombero District in the Morogoro Region of southeast Tanzania, where urinary schistosomiasis is endemic in most villages, a cost-effectiveness study was conducted to compare the costs and coverage of 2 forms of delivering chemotherapy to school children and then compared these options with chemotherapy integrated into the routine activities of the …

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The Battle River Project: school division implementation of the …

Details: The Battle River Project (BRP) is a school division-level intervention in rural Alberta, Canada, built upon the health-promoting schools approach to health promotion. Using self-reported school and student-level data from administrators and students, the central aim of …

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Combinational risk factors of metabolic syndrome identified by …

Details: By using health check-up data from two large studies collected during a long-term follow-up, we searched for risk factors associated with the development of metabolic syndrome. Methods: In our original study, we selected 77 case subjects who developed metabolic syndrome during the follow-up and 152 healthy control subjects who were free of

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Health Information System's Responses to COVID-19 Pandemic in …

Details: Health care workers experienced increased amount of work during the pandemic, while hospital information departments did not experience significant changes in their workload. Conclusion: In the process of fighting against the COVID-19, hospitals have widely used traditional and emerging novel HITs. These technologies have strengthened the

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